Journal of Bionic Memory Bionic, Memory, Medicine, artificial body parts and implants, interface with living tissues, Brain to Machine Interface, Cochlear Implant and Hearing Aids, Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Artificial Heart, Diaphragm Stimulator, Artificial Arm, Artificial Leg, Artificial Knee, Artificial Foot, Artificial Skin, Bladder Stimulator, Drug Delivery, Spinal Fusion Hardware, Heart Pacemaker and Defibrillator, Breast Implants, Traumatic Fracture Repair, Bionic Eye, Deep Brain Stimulation , RFID Tag, and Bionic Hand en-US (Prof. Dr. Hayrettin Ozturk) (IT specialist ) Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Deep brain stimulation in Parkinson's disease: The selection of appropriate patient candidate <p>Deep brain stimulation surgery, one of the device-assisted treatments for advanced Parkinson's disease, provides a significant improvement in quality of life criteria when applied to the appropriate candidates. Although the subthalamic nucleus is the main neuroanatomical structure for this surgery, other surgical targets include thalamus ventral intermediate (VIM) and globus pallidus internus. Candidates are selected and evaluated by a dedicated team for deep brain stimulation surgery. The deep brain stimulation team consists of a neurosurgeon, a psychiatrist, a neuroradiologist, an anesthesiologist, and a neurologist, who specialize in movement disorder. The patient's motor symptom response to levodopa treatment and other contraindications are reviewed, and the patient is prepared for deep brain stimulation surgery. This article addresses the criteria for the selection of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease, eligible for deep brain stimulation treatment, as well as addressing the appropriate anatomical targets.</p> Bekir Enes Demiryurek Copyright (c) 2021 Bekir Enes Demiryurek Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Dose responses of the SiO2 used in radiation sensors in field effect transistor form <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To investigate the structural changes in the SiO<sub>2</sub> (silicon dioxide) layer, which is the sensitive region of the RadFET radiation sensors used in the medical field, and to elaborate the impacts of these modifications on electrical characteristics.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Dry oxidation method was used to grow the SiO<sub>2</sub> film on n-type Si (100) and SiO<sub>2</sub> MOS capacitors were produced by using DC magnetron sputtering. Irradiation was carried out using a <sup>60</sup>Co radioactive source at a dose range of 1 kGy-50 kGy. XRD (X-ray diffraction) results showed that no crystalline structure was formed in the studied dose range.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results obtained from XPS (X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy) showed that Si-Si oxygen deficient bonds were formed in the post-production structure, resulting in the observation of flat band voltage ( ) at negative values.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> In general, the Si-Si oxygen deficient bond content increased with increasing radiation dose, causing the C-V curve to shift towards larger negative voltage values as desired. The device sensitivity was almost constant after 25 kGy.</p> Aysegul Kahraman, Berk Morkoc, Ozan Yilmaz, Ercan Yilmaz Copyright (c) 2021 Aysegul Kahraman, Berk Morkoc, Ozan Yilmaz, Ercan Yilmaz Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Leadless and symbiotic cardiac pacemakers; as an alternative to conventional pacemakers <p>There have been considerable advancements in technology since the first permanent pacemaker was implanted in 1960. A subcutaneous generator and battery module are connected to one or more endocardial leads in the conventional pacemaker implantation. Despite their proven efficiency, traditional permanent pacemakers have a number of drawbacks their use has been linked to potential complications during implantation procedure and also during follow-up period; among the most notable ones are lead malfunction, limited battery life, and device-related infections. Therefore, there had been tremendous efforts to avoid such complications and to increase battery life. In this Review, we explore new electronic devices, leadless pacemaker systems and symbiotic cardiac pacemakers, designed to avoid these current limitations.</p> Mehmet Cosgun, Yilmaz Gunes, Ibrahin Donmez Copyright (c) 2021 Mehmet Cosgun, Yilmaz Gunes, Ibrahin Donmez Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 EEG based brain-computer interface control applications: A comprehensive review <p>Brain computer interfaces (BCI) is a tool that can make user requests to computerized systems by directly processing brain signals. In order to perform the procedures to be performed, brain signals must be classified. For this purpose, many classification algorithms have been tried with machine learning. The purpose of this study is to talk about both the type of brain signals used in the brain computer interface and the machine learning techniques used in the classification of these signals. In addition, summary information about the classification methods used in brain computer interface control applications in recent years are given in a table.</p> Kemal Polat, Abdullah Bilal Aygun, Ahmet Resit Kavsaoglu Copyright (c) 2021 Kemal Polat, Abdullah Bilal Aygun, Ahmet Resit Kavsaoglu Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Technological devices in treatment of diabetes mellitus <p>Technological inventions are being used recently to enable the treatment of diabetes mellitus more effective and easier to comply. Insulin pumps, after the implementation of readily available insulin pens, have made the transition to a very important stage in diabetes therapy. Insulin pumps have also enabled the transition from intermittent injection patterns to treatment modalities that provide continuous insulin infusion in diabetic subjects. Remedial studies on the next stage, the artificial pancreas, are still ongoing. Each of these treatments has its own advantages, some difficulties, and safety issues. We aimed to discuss the features of insulin pump devices in present short review. </p> Cem Onur Kirac, Suleyman Ipekci Copyright (c) 2021 Cem Onur Kirac, Suleyman Ipekci Mon, 31 May 2021 00:00:00 +0000