Journal of Bionic Memory Bionic, Memory, Medicine, artificial body parts and implants, interface with living tissues, Brain to Machine Interface, Cochlear Implant and Hearing Aids, Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Artificial Heart, Diaphragm Stimulator, Artificial Arm, Artificial Leg, Artificial Knee, Artificial Foot, Artificial Skin, Bladder Stimulator, Drug Delivery, Spinal Fusion Hardware, Heart Pacemaker and Defibrillator, Breast Implants, Traumatic Fracture Repair, Bionic Eye, Deep Brain Stimulation , RFID Tag, and Bionic Hand en-US (Prof. Dr. Hayrettin Ozturk) (IT specialist ) Mon, 01 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Carotid artery stenting with or without distal filter-type embolic protection device: A single center experience <p><strong>Aim: </strong>To share the data of patients who underwent carotid artery stenting (CAS) with or without a distal filter-type (DF) embolic protection device (EPD) in our clinic and our own experiences.</p> <p><strong>Method</strong>: The files of patients who underwent CAS in our clinic between November 2019 and January 2021 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with &gt;50% stenosis in symptomatic patients, &gt;70% in asymptomatic patients, and those who had CAS at least 48 hours after the last symptom were included. Patients who underwent acute CAS and were treated for restenosis after carotid stent or endarterectomy were excluded from the study. Thirty-five patients who used DF in CAS procedure and 16 patients who did not use EPD were included in the study. </p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> No significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of new neurological and cardiac vascular events <em>(p=0.58)</em>. A new ischemic lesion was detected in diffusion MRI in 76.5% of the patients who underwent CAS using a DF type EPD and 81.8% of patients who underwent CAS without the use of an EPD. No significant difference was found between the detection rates of new ischemic lesions <em>(p=0.73)</em>.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> Since we found no significant difference in neurological and cardiac vascular events between the patients who underwent CAS with and without use of DF type EPD, we suggest that CAS can be performed without the use of a DF type EPD in suitable patients to reduce the cost of the procedure.</p> Ahmet Yabalak, Murat Yilmaz Copyright (c) 2021 Ahmet Yabalak, Murat Yilmaz Mon, 01 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Biliary stents: models and advancements <p>Obesity and sedentary lifestyle increase the formation of stones in the biliary tract. Choledochal stent placement with endoscopic intervention in cases of choledochal stones and bile leakage has been a common procedure in gastroenterology practice in recent years. Intervention for post-op biliary strictures is increasing in parallel with the number of liver transplantations. Stent placement procedures for palliation of primary or metastatic malignant processes of the biliary tract also contribute to the comfort of life of patients. In this article, brief information about the stents used in the biliary system is presented.</p> Mehmet Kosekli Copyright (c) 2021 Mehmet Kosekli Mon, 01 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Port catheters: Indications, complications and quality of life <p>Port catheters are very critical component in the care of patients with chronic diseases such as cancer that require frequent hospitalization and venous access. Because port catheters can be used for biochemical analysis of blood, administration of chemotherapeutic agents, transfusion of blood and blood products, fluid and antibiotic support, and total parenteral nutrition. Port catheters can be placed safely and easily under ultrasound guidance. Port catheters, whose early or late complications are rarely seen, provide a significant improvement in the quality of life of patients compared to other venous access catheters.</p> Ummugul Uyeturk Copyright (c) 2021 Ummugul Uyeturk Mon, 01 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Deep brain stimulation for psychiatric disorders: A review <p>Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure via the placement of neurostimulator, which is a medical device also known as brain pacemaker. The electrical impulses, which are sent to specific targets of brain through implanted electrodes, used in the treatment of some neurological and psychiatric disorders. While the mechanisms of action of DBS on the physiology on brain cells and neurotransmitters are controversial, it is well known that high-frequency electrical impulses into specific brain areas can diminish certain symptoms of some neurological and psychiatric disorders. DBS is already approved as a treatment for several neurological disorders by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). It is approved as a treatment for essential tremor in 1997 and Parkinson's disease since 2002, for dystonia in 2003 and for epilepsy in 2018. There are also variety uses of DBS in psychiatric disorders with resistance to treatment, such as obsessive compulsive disorder, Tourette’s syndrome, major depressive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, appetite disorders, alcohol and substance use disorders and also schizophrenia. This article outlines using of deep brain stimulation as a treatment method for psychiatric disorders which are resistant to medical treatments and psychotherapies, as well as the appropriate anatomical targets and the possible mechanism of actions.</p> Mehmet Hamid Boztas, Huseyin Altug Yenice Copyright (c) 2021 Mehmet Hamid Boztas, Huseyin Altug Yenice Mon, 01 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000 Cochlear implantation and electro-acoustic stimulation: Current status and developments <p>The number of people with hearing loss constitutes approximately 6.5% of the world population. Hearing loss leads to alienation from social environments and deterioration in quality of life in adults. Children with hearing loss, on the other hand, have lower literacy and lower educational attainments. There are auditory prostheses, called cochlear implant (CI) devices, which are designed using a special speech coding strategy to convert acoustic information into electrical stimulation for patients with inadequate traditional hearing aids used for rehabilitation of hearing loss. These devices are surgically implanted and cause direct stimulation of primary afferent neurons in the inner ear. The auditory nerve is stimulated by the electrodes placed on the cochlea, and thus the auditory message can be sent up to the auditory cortex. With CI, increases in speaking, language and comprehension skills can be achieved.</p> Akif Gunes, Elif Karali Copyright (c) 2021 Akif Gunes, Elif Karali Mon, 01 Nov 2021 00:00:00 +0000