Journal of Bionic Memory Bionic, Memory, Medicine, artificial body parts and implants, interface with living tissues, Brain to Machine Interface, Cochlear Implant and Hearing Aids, Vagus Nerve Stimulation, Artificial Heart, Diaphragm Stimulator, Artificial Arm, Artificial Leg, Artificial Knee, Artificial Foot, Artificial Skin, Bladder Stimulator, Drug Delivery, Spinal Fusion Hardware, Heart Pacemaker and Defibrillator, Breast Implants, Traumatic Fracture Repair, Bionic Eye, Deep Brain Stimulation , RFID Tag, and Bionic Hand en-US (Prof. Dr. Hayrettin Ozturk) (IT specialist ) Sun, 14 Aug 2022 11:23:49 +0000 OJS 60 Diaphragm stimulation technology, pacemakers and use <p>Diaphragm stimulation technology is used in the second-line treatment of respiratory failure due to bilateral diaphragmatic dysfunction. However, an intact diaphragm muscle function is needed for a successful diaphragm stimulation. Diaphragm pacemakers does not help in pathologies that may occur in these regions but it has been shown in studies with long-term follow-up that in patients who will be connected to a long-term mechanical ventilator, it can protect from ventilator-related infections, reduce lung atelectasis, and lead a comfortable and active life both in terms of psychology. According to diaphragm pacemaker practices, postoperative gains are unfortunately not at desired level.</p> Ismail Can Karacaoglu, Suat Gezer Copyright (c) 2022 Ismail Can Karacaoglu, Suat Gezer Sun, 14 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Use of ultrasound in dentistry <p>Ultrasound (US) is mechanical vibrations above the frequency range audible by the human ear in the frequency range of 20000–1010 Hz. The frequency boundary between sonic and ultrasonic waves is due to the properties of human hearing and corresponds to the upper limit of audible sound. Each ultrasonic frequency zone is characterized by its own application features. The use of ultrasound in dentistry significantly improves the quality of treatment of patients and facilitates the work of the doctor. The therapeutic effect of ultrasonication is a combination of thermal, mechanical and physico-chemical actions. During thermal action, tissues absorb energy, and consequently, deep heating occurs. Under mechanical action, microdisplacement of particles occurs, resulting in micromassage of cells and tissues. Under physical and chemical influences, the course of redox processes changes, enzymes are activated, and complex protein complexes are broken down into ordinary organic molecules. Ultrasound is a strong factor in stimulating blood flow, which makes its use possible in all cases of blood flow depletion and hypoxia. An increase in blood flow in the sounded tissue contributes to oxygen saturation and enrichment with nutrients, an increase in the rate of redox reactions and metabolic processes in general. This review discusses the modern principles of the use of ultrasound in dentistry.</p> <p> </p> Ramazan Abdujalil Abdukadirov, Beksultan Abdukadirov Copyright (c) 2022 Ramazan Abdujalil Abdukadirov, Beksultan Abdukadirov Sun, 14 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Device use in chronic pain <p>Interventional treatments are of vital importance in patients with chronic pain who do not respond to conventional drug therapy. Neuraxial drug delivery systems can be used for intractable cancer-induced pain. These devices, which are frequently used today and have advanced technological equipment, provide effective analgesia to patients. Another technique preferred especially in neuropathic pain is implantable devices that provide neurostimulation. Spinal cord stimulation (SCC) and Dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRG-S) are the most commonly used. This article describes frequently used devices that provide neurostimulation and nöraxial drug delivery device are mentioned, and their working principles, application techniques, and technological features. Pubmed and Google scholar were used to search the articles, and Google was used for device images and manufacturer information.</p> Murat Bilgi, Akcan Akkaya Copyright (c) 2022 Murat Bilgi, Akcan Akkaya Sun, 14 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +0000