Evaluation of near accommodation in type 1 diabetic patients

Authors

  • Sema Yuzbasiıoglu Department of Ophthalmology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Fatma Yulek Department of Ophthalmology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Nagihan Ugurlu Department of Ophthalmology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Oya Topaloglu Department of Endocrinology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Didem Ozdemir Department of Endocrinology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Reyhan Ersoy Department of Endocrinology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
  • Bekir Cakir Department of Endocrinology, Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara Şehir Hospital, Ankara, Turkey

Keywords:

Accommodation, type 1 diabetes, PowerRefractor 3, spherical equivalents

Abstract

Aim: To evaluate accommodation in type 1 diabetic patients by PowerRef3 in our study. The PowerRef 3 can be used in studying the near triad of accommodation, vergence and pupil responses in healthy and clinical populations.

Method: The accommodation of 14 patients (mean age: 33.14 ± 10.27) with type 1 diabetes and 16 control subjects (mean age: 35.81 ± 5.88) were measured by PowerRef3 at 30 cm with a standard accommodation target. The metabolic status of the diabetic patients and accommodation were compared with those of control subjects.

Results: The mean accommodation, spherical equivalents and age was not significantly different between diabetic and control subjects.  The mean duration of diabetes was 13 ± 5.7 years (min: 7, max: 27). The mean accommodation was not significantly correlated with duration of diabetes and glycated hemoglobin levels, but it was significantly correlated with the spherical equivalents (p<0.05) and weakly correlated other metabolic parameters (fasting plasma glucose, cholesterol, low density lipoprotein, high density lipoprotein and triglyceride levels).

Conclusion: The accommodation of type 1 diabetes patients at pre-presbyopic ages without diabetic retinopathy was similar to control subjects with PowerRef 3 measurements. This may reflect that good diabetes control, which will prevent retinopathy, may prevent the decrease in accommodation in type 1 diabetes patients.

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Published

2022-02-06

How to Cite

Yuzbasiıoglu, S., Yulek, F., Ugurlu, N., Topaloglu, O., Ozdemir, D., Ersoy, R., & Cakir, B. (2022). Evaluation of near accommodation in type 1 diabetic patients. Journal of Bionic Memory, 2(1), 7–12. Retrieved from http://jbionicmemory.com/index.php/jbm/article/view/18